Resources / Speech & Language


VIDEO: York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program (YRPSLP)

Megan Rubenstein, Clinical Manager, introduces the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program. She highlights the types of services provided by the program, and shares that that parents can refer their children without a doctor’s referral by calling 1-888-703- KIDS (5437).

VIDEO: Parent Engagement

Osy, a Speech-Language Pathologist, explains the important role of caregiver and parent-engagement in all of the intervention programs in the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program. The partnership between the family and the clinical team is essential in helping the children in the program to reach their communication potential.

VIDEO: Who are CDAs and SLPs?

At the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program, Communicative Disorders Assistants and Speech-Language Pathologists work in collaboration to support you and your child. In this clip, Jena and Premila talk about who these professionals are and how they work together. To make a referral to this program, please call: 1-877-703-KIDS (5437).

Did you know Audiologists & Speech-Language Pathologists are Regulated?  Click here to view the CASLPO brochure (available in 8 languages).


Articulation Developmental Norms

Articulation Developmental Norms
Outlines what speech sounds typically develop at various ages as well as when treatment would be necessary/appropriate

How Children Learn To Talk Clearly

Speech Sound Disorders
An overview of how children learn to speak clearly, identifying if your child has a speech delay and when to seek professional help

Making Speech Sounds more obvious to your Child

Making Speech Sounds More Obvious for Your Child
Parents and caregivers can also have an important role when helping their children with their articulation. The following are some general strategies that can be modeled throughout the day and during daily routines to help highlight the sounds or words your child may be having difficulty with.

Why do Articulation Errors Occur

Asks the question, Why do Articulation Errors Occur? While there is sometimes no known reason, several possibilities are identified

VIDEO: Speech Sound Delays and Disorders

Is your child’s speech difficult to understand? In this clip, Natalie will tell you about the different types of speech sound disorders and delays that may impact the clarity of a child’s speech. A Speech-Language Pathologist can assess the types of errors your child is making, and suggest an intervention plan to help! If you live in York Region and are concerned with the clarity of your preschooler’s speech, please call 1-888-703 KIDS (5437) to make a referral to the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program.


York Simcoe Autism Network (YSAN)

The York Simcoe Autism Network (YSAN) is a group of organizations with a history of partnering together to meet the unique needs of children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their families. The partnership network was formed in response to the new Ontario Autism Program to support families in York Region and Simcoe County. We believe that our ‘whole’ will be greater than the sum of our individual ‘parts’.

Communication Tips for Parents of Children with ASD

Try following strategies from The Hanen Centre for children who haven’t started talking yet or who have started to say a few words to ask for what they want (e.g., “Milk” or “Mommy, up!”) (Tags: Autism, ASD, social communication, diagnosis)

Baby Navigator

Parents can learn about children’s social communication development by following them from birth to 24 months on these social communication growth charts

16 by 16 Months

The 16×16 ™ series helps families and professionals to learn about the essential social communication skills that children should reach by 16 months of age. These skills are key in laying the foundation to the milestones typically achieved by 24 months when it comes to communication, literacy, play, and social skills. The series currently contains lookbooks illustrating 16 Gestures by 16 Months and 16 Actions with Objects by 16 months.

Autism Navigator – ASD Video Glossary

The ASD Video Glossary includes more than 100 side-by-side videos to help families and professionals learn more about the early signs of autism. Registration is needed to view these videos, but they are free of charge.

Ontario Autism Program

The Ontario Autism Program (OAP) offers support to families of children and youth on the autism spectrum. Children and youth who have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by a qualified professional are eligible for the program. Children receive services and supports until the age of 18.

York Region Autism Ontario

The York Region Autism Ontario Chapter offers a variety of programs and events for Autistic individuals and their families, provides information to the community, and supports families with service navigation.

Visual Supports Social Narratives and Resources

Providing parents with a variety of strategies and tips for creating and using visual supports across their child’s day.

Geneva Centre for Autism

The Geneva Centre strives to build the capacity and skills of individuals, families, community agencies and professionals to help individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder realize opportunities for successful community inclusion.

Kerry’s Place Autism Services (KPAS)

KPAS has been committed to enhancing the quality of life of people with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for over 35 years through innovative personalized supports, expertise, collaboration and advocacy.


A Parent’s Guide for Increasing Your Child’s Vocabulary

Why work on your child’s vocabulary.
How to teach your child new words.
Things to consider about learning new words.

Activities to Help your Child Learn more Words

Teaching vocabulary in daily routines and according to themes.
Activity ideas.

Activities to Promote Speech and Language Development-Games and Everyday Ideas

Activities, ideas and games for supporting speech and language development.

Help Your Child Use Longer Sentences (Expanding)

Strategies to help your child use longer sentences.
Expand strategy.

My Child Has Trouble Understanding – A Receptive Language Disorder

What is a receptive language disorder?
What is understanding?
Warning signs that your child may have trouble understanding.

My Child Has Trouble Understanding – Things You Can Work on at Home

How to work on improving your child’s ability to understand language.
Good listening skills.Sugge

VIDEO: Expressive and Receptive Language

A communication assessment explores many areas of a child’s development. In this clip, Loan, Speech-Language Pathologist, will explain what is meant by ‘expressive’ and ‘receptive’ language skills.


VIDEO: Winston & Janet – Multilingual Home

Winston and Janet speak about how they have been able to use the strategies learned in therapy sessions to encourage both English, and Cantonese-learning in their home. Supporting the development of the home-language is important for many families, and to Child Development Programs!

For more information, please watch Gigi’s video, Growing Up Multilingual.

Learning Two Languages when there is a Language Delay

There are many benefits to teaching your home language(s) even when is a language delay. Find out why and how.

VIDEO: Growing up Multilingual

Many children are exposed to more than one language in their early years. Gigi, a Speech-Language Pathologist with the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program, shares some insights and tips on how to support a child’s language development in a multilingual home.

For more information, please watch Gigi’s video, Growing Up Multilingual.


Developmental Milestones of Reading

Typical Stages of Development of interest in Books and in learning to read.

Helping Your Child Learn to Rhyme – A Pre-Reading Skill

How to teach your child to rhyme, which is a precursor to reading.

How to Get Your Child Interested in Books and Reading

Getting your child interested in Books and Reading.

The Importance of Reading

Benefits of reading for speech, language and thinking skills.


Playing People Games

People games are simple, repetitive routines that require at least two people, but no toys (think Peekaboo, chase, and tickle games). Create more opportunities for your child to interact by playing people games, using these suggestions from the Hanen Centre. (tags: social communication, autism, ASD)

Typical Social Communication Development

Here are some of the early milestones you can expect in a child’s social communication development.

VIDEO: Seema and Jamie – Play and Communication

Cars, peek-a-boo and tea sets! Kids love to play. In this clip, Seema and Jamie will tell you a little bit about why play has such an important role in our assessments and therapy programs. To learn more about play, please explore our e-learning program, ‘The Power of Play’; to make a referral to the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program, please call 1-877-703-KIDS (5437).

VIDEO: What is Social Communication?

Take a trip to the local coffee shop with Lanni, who will introduce you to the world of social communication. Whether we use pictures, signs, written, or spoken words, social communication is the constant in our interactions, and plays an important role in how we build relationships. If you live in York Region are concerned with your toddler or preschooler’s social communication, please call 1-888-703 KIDS (5437) to make a referral to the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program.


VIDEO: Does Your Preschooler Stutter? (Part 1 of 2)

Are you concerned that your child might be stuttering? In this introductory video, Marlene describes different types of stuttering behaviour and also talks about when it develops and when to seek help. This is part 1 of a 2-part series.

If you live in York Region and are concerned that your child is stuttering, please call 1-888-703-KIDS (5437) to make a referral.

  1. What is Stuttering? The forward flow of speech is disrupted by:
    1. Repetitions
    2. Prolongations
    3. Blocks
  2. Sound and Syllable Repetitions
  3. Prolongations or Stretching out sounds
  4. Block or being stuck and not able to get the word out
  5. When does Stuttering Start?
    1. The child goes through a language spurt
    2. The child starts connecting words
    3. It can start gradually
    4. It can start suddenly
  6. Some children are unaware of stuttering.
  7. Some children become aware of their stuttering may:
    1. Show signs of distress
    2. Child says “I can’t get words out”
    3. Tense, struggle and push or force out the words
    4. Avoid speaking
    5. Avoids saying words
  8. Seek out immediate help if child shows signs of Tension or Awareness
  9. Stuttering can be cyclical or “comes and goes”
  10. Stuttering can be variable or wax and wane. It can rang from severe to absent in a short period of time.
  11. Many strategies to help children who stutter – see video #2
  12. 7 Tips for talking to the child who stutters – see speech and language resources tab

VIDEO – 7 Tips for Talking with the Child Who Stutters

The video discusses 7 important Tips or Guidelines for talking and interacting with your child who stutters and the handout can be printed.

Different approaches to intervention for preschool children who stutter

At CDP, the initial approach to supporting children who stutter and their families, regardless of severity, is indirect therapy or parent education and training.

The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering Children

In Britain, stuttering is referred to as stammering. Stuttering and stammering refer to the same speech difficulty so there is no difference between the two terms. This excellent website has resources for parents, older children, teachers and clinicians.

The Stuttering Center of Western Pennsylvania

The Stuttering Foundation has many excellent resources for parents, caregivers, teachers and people who stutter.

VIDEO: Does Your Preschooler Stutter? (Part 2 of 2)

Are you looking for ways to support your child who is stuttering? In this video, Marlene shares many practical tips and suggestions that you can use every day to help your child become more fluent. This is part 2 of a 2-part series.

If you live in York Region and are concerned that your child is stuttering, please call 1-888-703-KIDS (5437) to make a referral.

Strategies to help you child by reducing demands/pressures on speech and support fluency

  1. Be patient.
  2. Listen to What is said, not How it is said
  3. Repeat or rephrase – let them know you heard them
  4. Do not interrupt or finish their words
  5. Be face to face and at their level
  6. Avoid correcting the stuttering such as “slow down” or “stop and think”
  7. Slow down your speech by pausing between phrases
  8. Pause before responding to your child
  9. Model language that is appropriate for your child’s age or simplify language
  10. Refrain from asking a lot of questions.
  11. Do not tell your child to talk
  12. Wait for them to answer a questions before asking another question
  13. Replace questions with comments and Wait
  14. Ask choice OR yes/no questions
  15. Do not correct speech sound errors OR grammar. Model instead!
  16. Encourage good turn taking.
  17. Reduce time pressure or slow down the pace of life to help your child by:
    1. Make sure child’s schedule is not too busy
    2. Down time between activities
    3. Have your child participate in fewer activities
    4. Setting up routines making life more predictable
  18. Make time to talk and play with your child. Take 5 minutes a day to play and talk with your child.

VIDEO – Stuttering and Your Child: Help for Parents

An excellent 30 minute video for parents, with examples of children stuttering, parent experiences and strategies from experts.

Please note: This video has some therapy options that are different from those offered by the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program. Nevertheless, the principles remain relevant to parents in York Region.


Take Care of Your Child’s Voice

“Taking Care of Your Child’s Voice”
Discuses vocal hygiene and suggestions for parents to model/encourage at home.

Vocal Hygiene Guidelines

Visual handout summarizing vocal hygiene tips

Voice Disorders

“Voice Disorders” are explained in terms of symptoms, causes and when to refer

YouTube Video “Becka’s Hoarse Voice”

A short video clip of Becka presenting with a hoarse voice. Mom attempts to have her talk and recite

YouTube Video “Vocal Hygiene for Kids”

Approximately 5 minute video which discusses vocal hygiene, vocal abuse, ways to modify, ways to maintain good vocal hygiene